Brand associations are a core part of Consumer Based Brand Equity (CBBE), and behavioral brand loyalty is a desirable outcome of CBBE. In this research, data from purchase panel and consumer surveys merge to reveal the relationship between a consumer's past behavioral loyalty and their current propensity to give brand associations. The results show a positive relationship, where those with a higher buying frequency and a higher share of category requirements are more likely to give brand associations. The findings also show that share of category requirements is a greater driver of brand association responses than buying frequency. This finding suggests that the use of competitors has a greater dampening effect on brand associations than the reinforcement effect of repeated brand buying. These results have important implications for modeling brand associations, particularly using cross-sectional data.