A qualitative content analysis was undertaken of music listening logs and songs selected by women participating in a project that provided music therapy for people receiving treatment for breast cancer. Research questions were: (a) What themes emerged from patients as they listened to music that was associated with music therapy sessions that were held during their treatment for breast cancer? (b) What unforeseen information was presented in the listening logs? The following themes were found through the analysis: Relaxation, Memories, Emotions, Spirituality, Beauty, Strength, Energy/Fatigue, Pain Relief, Family, and Physical Problems/Illness. These are discussed with examples from the logs. Implications for understanding patients’ experience of cancer and suggestions for using music therapy are included.